The country has been transformed in the last decade, with a population that looks more like its future than its past.
The United States has become more diverse and urban in the last decade and has a white population went down for the first time since records are kept, the Census Bureau reported Thursday when releasing a series of demographic data that will be used to trace the new political maps from the country.
The new figures offer the most detailed picture yet of how the country has changed since 2010 and they will surely unleash an intense partisan battle over representation at a time of deep national divisions and fights over the right to vote.
The numbers could help determine control of the House of Representatives in the 2022 elections and provide an electoral advantage for several years. The data also helps to decider the way they are distributed $ 1.5 trillion annually in federal spending.
Migration to the south and west
Figures show continuous migration to the south and west at the expense of counties in the north-central region and the northeast of the country.
The proportion of the white population fell from 63.7% in 2010 to 57.8% in 2020, the lowest of which there is a record.
In California, Hispanics became the largest ethnic group or racial, from 37.6% to 39.4% in the last decade, while the percentage of whites fell from 40.1% to 34.7%.
“The American population it’s much more multiracial and much more ethnically and racially diverse than we’ve ever seen in the past, ” said Nicholas Jones, a Census Bureau official.
The data comes from the compilation of forms that tens of millions of people filled out in the United States last year, with the help of census interviewers and government statistics experts to fill in the blanks of some forms that were not delivered or with questions without responding.
The numbers reflect countless decisions taken in the last 10 years by individuals to have children, move to other parts of the country, or come to the United States from abroad.
The publication offers states the first opportunity to redraw their political districts in a process that is expected to be especially contested, as seats in the federal Congress and state legislatures are at stake.
The document also provides the first opportunity to see, in a limited way, how well the Census Bureau met its objective of count all residents of the United States during what many consider the most difficult census in recent history.
The future in a photo
The Asian populations and Hispanic flourished from 2010 to 2020, increasing by about a third and almost a quarter respectively during the decade. The Asian population reached 24 million people in 2020, and the Hispanic population reached 62.1 million people.
The Hispanic boom accounted for nearly half of the overall U.S. population growth, which was the slowest since the Great Depression. By comparison, the growth rate of non-Hispanics during the decade was 4.3%. The Hispanic share of the US population grew to 18.7% of the US population, up from 16.3% in 2010.
“The 2020 census confirmed what we have known for years: the future of the country is latin”Said Arturo Vargas, executive director of the Educational Fund of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials.
The proportion of the white population fell from 63.7% in 2010 to 57.8% in 2020, the lowest on record, driven by falling birth rates among white women compared to Hispanic and Asian women. The number of non-Hispanic whites fell from 196 million in 2010 to 191 million.
Por Mike Schneider, The Associated Press