The migration crisis that has been under the global focus of Haitians for several days has spread throughout Mexico with thousands of people stranded on the southern border and others trying to survive in harsh conditions in the north of the country while they seek to cross into the United States. .
The region has experienced an unprecedented migratory wave since the beginning of the year with a historical flow of 147,000 undocumented persons detected in Mexico from January to August, triple that of 2020, and a record 212,000 migrants detained in July alone by the United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP).
This last week the situation worsened enormously in northern Mexico with the arrival of thousands of Haitians who tried to cross from Ciudad Acuña, in the state of Coahuila, to Del Río (Texas), leaving tragic images such as that of a Border Patrol agent striking apparently with a whip to a Haitian.
While in Mexico, hundreds now spend the night in a makeshift camp in Ciudad Acuña, guarded by authorities, and he is torn between trying to cross into the United States or betting on seeking refuge.
Following the brutality at this point on the border, many migrants arrived this week at the border of Reynosa, a city located in the dangerous state of Tamaulipas, and at Monterrey, in the northern state of Nuevo León.
At both points, thousands of migrants saturated the existing shelters and came to sleep in the open, a fact that reflects the difficulties that the country has to deal with this crisis.
The United States has already begun to deport the more than 13,000 migrants who have arrived in the Texas city in recent days, which led to the resignation of its special envoy for Haiti, Daniel Foote, who considered this action “inhumane and counterproductive.”
“Far from feeling relief to reach the border, now we are thinking that the situation is a bit ugly and they are deporting people,” the Haitian Jhony, still from Reynosa, said this week the EFE agency, while evaluating whether he continued to Ciudad Acuña or stayed in this locality.
The head of the National Institute of Migration (INM) of Mexico, Francisco Garduño, gave a somewhat ambiguous message, because while he encouraged Haitians to request refuge in the country, he also spoke about compliance with the law that governs Mexico.
Hours later, almost 2,500 kilometers to the south, authorities of the National Guard on Thursday intercepted about fifty Haitians who had just crossed from Guatemala to Mexico by a dangerous route and they were returned to the Central American country, according to EFE.
Mexican authorities reported this week that more than 63,000 migrants were intercepted in the past month.
Meanwhile, the president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, insisted on the need to address the “causes” of migration and reiterated to his US counterpart, Joe Biden, to send resources for productive projects to Central America.
“We must address the bottom (of the immigration issue), first, we do not want Mexico to be a migrant camp,” said the president this Friday.
He regretted that the United States has not invested in Latin America and the Caribbean for decades to support “poor” peoples, but assured that the current government of Democrat Biden is “sensitive.”
Caught in Mexico
When Biden arrived at the White House in January, the president eliminated the controversial Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP), which, promoted by Donald Trump, left some 70,000 people stranded in Mexico waiting for an appointment in a US court for their asylum.
But in mid-August the US Supreme Court upheld the reinstatement of that program.
And in addition, the United States continues to deport migrants through title 42, which allows immediate expulsion with the coronavirus as a justification.
At least a hundred migrants settled on Wednesday in front of the offices of the Mexican Commission for Refugee Assistance (Comar) in Mexico City to process their refugee application.
Some, such as the Haitian Marie Sola St Fort, explained that after weeks of waiting in Tapachula, in southern Mexico, a response from the Comar moved to expedite their procedures.
His dream continues to be the United States, although many others are already considering staying to work in Mexico before the closure of the first world power.
In statements to the media, the coordinator of the Comar, Andrés Ramírez, explained this Wednesday that Mexico received a historic number of 77,559 refugee applications – from 99 different nationalities – between January and August.
However, images like those of a few weeks ago in which a migrant agent kicked a migrant in Chiapas sparked much controversy and the event was condemned by various UN agencies.
Opening more doubts about how safe it is to stay in a Mexico haunted by organized crime and corruption, and which has registered several migrant tragedies in the last decade.
One of the most terrifying last January in Camargo (Tamaulipas), when 19 people were burned, most of them Guatemalans.