The 20-22% nuclear power, controversial and limited since the Fukushima disaster in 2011, was not changed in the new preliminary plan. In this sense, the current use of fossil fuels must significantly reduce liquefied natural gas, the main resource used by the Japanese territory, which will have to fall from 37% in 2019 to 20% in 2030.
Japan last year set its sights on reaching carbon neutrality by 2050 and, in early 2021, reinforced its ambition to reduce its CO2 emissions by 46% by 2030 from 2013 levels.
As the third world economic power, Japan was in 2019 the fifth largest emitter of CO2 in the world, after China, the United States, India and Russia, according to the online platform Global CO2 Atlas.
The few natural resources that it has in its area, import 90% of its energy needs. According to public broadcaster NHK, the government plans to continue discussions on its new 2030 targets, before closing its roadmap in October.